project closure and post-project review

project closure and post-project review

Project closure and post-project review are essential stages in the project management process, particularly in the context of information systems and management information systems. These stages play a crucial role in assessing the success of a project, ensuring proper closure, and identifying opportunities for improvement in future projects. In this article, we will explore the importance, steps, and benefits of project closure and post-project review, providing a comprehensive understanding of these critical processes.

The Importance of Project Closure and Post-Project Review

Project closure and post-project review are vital for several reasons. Firstly, they provide a structured approach to formally conclude a project, ensuring that all deliverables have been met, and resources can be released. Secondly, these stages allow for the evaluation of project results, identifying successes, challenges, and areas for improvement. They also enable stakeholders to reflect on the project's outcomes and gather valuable insights that can inform future projects. Finally, project closure and post-project review contribute to knowledge management, as they capture lessons learned and best practices that can be applied to similar projects in the future.

Project Closure

Definition: Project closure refers to the formal conclusion of a project upon reaching its completion. This stage involves a series of activities that ensure all project components are properly closed out, and the project is formally handed over or terminated.

Steps of Project Closure:

  1. Finalize Deliverables: Verify that all project deliverables have been completed to the agreed-upon standards. This includes obtaining client sign-off on the deliverables.
  2. Resource Release: Release resources such as team members, equipment, and facilities that were allocated to the project.
  3. Document Closure: Assemble and organize all project documentation, including final reports, technical specifications, and lessons learned.
  4. Client Handover: If applicable, formally hand over the project outputs to the client, ensuring that all necessary knowledge transfer and training have been completed.
  5. Financial Closure: Complete financial aspects of the project, including final billing, payment, and closure of project accounts.
  6. Project Evaluation: Conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the project to assess its performance, adherence to the project management plan, and achievement of objectives.
  7. Stakeholder Communication: Inform stakeholders, including the project team, clients, and sponsors, about the project's closure and its outcomes.

Benefits of Project Closure:

  • Ensures that project deliverables are completed and accepted by the client
  • Facilitates the release of resources for allocation to other projects
  • Provides a formal opportunity to evaluate the project's performance and outcomes
  • Enables the capture of lessons learned and best practices
  • Supports effective communication with stakeholders regarding project closure

Post-Project Review

Definition: The post-project review, also known as a project post-mortem, is a critical assessment of the project's performance, processes, and outcomes following its closure. This review is aimed at identifying strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement for future projects.

Steps of Post-Project Review:

  1. Team Evaluation: Gather feedback from project team members regarding their experiences, successes, and challenges throughout the project.
  2. Project Outcomes Assessment: Evaluate the project's outcomes in terms of meeting objectives, budget adherence, schedule performance, and quality of deliverables.
  3. Process Analysis: Examine the project management processes and methodologies employed, identifying areas of success and potential improvements.
  4. Stakeholder Feedback: Collect feedback from clients, sponsors, and other stakeholders regarding their perception of the project's success and areas for enhancement.
  5. Lessons Learned Documentation: Capture and document lessons learned, best practices, and areas for improvement identified during the review process.
  6. Action Planning: Develop an action plan based on the review findings, outlining specific steps for leveraging successes and addressing opportunities for improvement in future projects.

Benefits of Post-Project Review:

  • Provides insights into the project team's experiences and areas for improvement
  • Evaluates the overall success and performance of the project against its objectives
  • Identifies strengths and weaknesses in project management processes and methodologies
  • Captures valuable lessons learned and best practices for future project implementation
  • Facilitates the development of action plans for continuous improvement in project management


Project closure and post-project review are indispensable components of the project management process within the realm of information systems and management information systems. By understanding their importance, following structured steps, and embracing the benefits they offer, organizations can ensure successful project completion, gather valuable insights, and continuously improve their project management practices for future endeavors.